1School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), P.O. Box 129, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia
2Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Yonsei University, Yonsei-ro 50, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, Korea
Received: 19 Feb 2013 – Discussion started: 13 Mar 2013
Abstract. The application of membrane technology in water and wastewater treatment is increasing due to stringent water quality standards. Nanofiltration (NF) is one of the widely used membrane processes for water and wastewater treatment in addition to other applications such as desalination. NF has replaced reverse osmosis (RO) membranes in many applications due to lower energy consumption and higher flux rates. This paper briefly reviews the application of NF for water and wastewater treatment including fundamentals, mechanisms, fouling challenges and their controls.
Revised: 26 Apr 2013 – Accepted: 08 May 2013 – Published: 05 Jun 2013
Shon, H. K., Phuntsho, S., Chaudhary, D. S., Vigneswaran, S., and Cho, J.: Nanofiltration for water and wastewater treatment – a mini review, Drink. Water Eng. Sci., 6, 47-53, doi:10.5194/dwes-6-47-2013, 2013.